The Key Differences Between Judaism & Christianity

I’m often asked how similar or different these two faiths are.

So here are just some of the differences in key beliefs between Judaism and Christianity:

JUDAISM
– says that no human can ever die for the sins of others
CHRISTIANITY
– says that Jesus died for the sins of mankind

JUDAISM
– says that all humans are born pure, and innocent
CHRISTIANITY
– ****some***** Christians believe  that all humans are born with ‘original sin’.

JUDAISM
– says that G-d would never allow/enable a ‘virgin birth’
CHRISTIANITY
– says that Mary gave birth, though a virgin

JUDAISM
– says that no man gets a ‘second coming’
CHRISTIANITY
– says that Jesus will have a ‘second coming’

JUDAISM
– says that every human should speak directly to G-d
CHRISTIANITY
– Jesus claims in the ‘new testament’ that the ‘only way’ to G-d is via him

JUDAISM
– says G-d is one, indivisable, cannot be separated into three aspects/incarnations
CHRISTIANITY
– speaks of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit

JUDAISM
– says that we are ALL equally G-d’s children
CHRISTIANITY
– says that Jesus was ‘god’s son’ above all others

JUDAISM
– has no concept of ‘hell’
CHRISTIANITY
– *some* Christians non believers to ‘hell’

JUDAISM
– has no ‘devil’, the Jewish ‘satan’ is just an ordinary angel, under G-d’s control
CHRISTIANITY
– describes ‘satan’ as a devil and ‘fallen’ angel

JUDAISM
– the ‘messiah’ will be a normal, mortal man who must fulfill all the Jewish messianic prophecies in one normal, mortal lifetime
CHRISTIANITY
– Jesus was the ‘messiah’ and will fulfill the prophecies when he ‘returns’

JUDAISM
– says that the righteous of ALL faiths will reach ‘gan eden’ or ‘garden of eden’.
CHRISTIANITY
– *some* Christians insist that only those who ‘know Christ’ can reach heaven

JUDAISM
– forbids Jews from trying to convert anyone to Judaism
CHRISTIANITY
– believes in actively ‘witnessing’ and encouraging people to convert to Christianity

Clearly the two religions differ on many core beliefs. Again, remember there are many other differences; this is only a partial list.

It is, of course, true that Christianity began life as a tiny fringe sect within Judaism. But the followers of Jesus were not ‘christians’ in the sense that we use that word today. Many of the Christian doctrines did not develop until much, much later, by which time Christianity was already an entirely non Jewish faith.

The final and irrevocable parting of the ways between the faiths came when Christians deified Jesus. At this point, Christianity was endorsing a belief that is blasphemy for any Jew, because in Judaism, no human can ever be ‘divine’ or on a par with G-d.

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4 thoughts on “The Key Differences Between Judaism & Christianity

  1. Excellent article. Just one note: you stated “CHRISTIANITY – says that all humans are born with ‘original sin’.” For the record that should be CHRISTIANITY – *some* Christians believe that all humans are born with ‘original sin’. Not all of Christianity believes in the concept of “original sin”; in fact, it’s an on-going argument between sects and individuals.

  2. Tabitha says:

    Not ‘just’ anything Lee, you are, I know, a passionate supporter of Israel and always gracious 🙂

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